RTO Rules and Regulation
RTO Rules and Regulation for Electric Scooter Bikes in India
RTO Rules and Regulation for Electric Scooter & Bikes in India
As Electric Bikes and Scooters are becoming the first choice for every rider, knowing RTO rules and regulations for the same is very crucial. The rules and regulations of electric bikes and scooters are different from that of conventional vehicles. So, remembering all the rules and regulations at once can be tedious.
Although the government of India has crafted all the guidelines regarding electric bikes and scooters in a user-friendly manner it also helps in promoting electric vehicles over conventional vehicles. Below we have discussed all the RTO rules and regulations for electric bikes and scooters that one should know before buying any electric two-wheeler.
Electric vehicles are classified as electric bicycles if their electric motors have a maximum power of less than 250W and a top speed of 25kmph. Electric bicycles are free from transportation regulations such as insurance, taxes, and registration.
Get entire RTO rules for electric vehicles here:
In this post, we will discuss RTO laws and regulations for electric scooters and bikes in India, including ARAI approval, age limits, the need for e-scooter insurance, number plate and registration, and state-specific road tax, helmet, and electric two-wheeler subsidies.
Electric Bikes and Scooters Require a Driver's License
To operate any type of motor vehicle, you must have a valid driver's licence; EVs are no exception. It is prohibited to ride your electric bike or scooter on the road without a valid licence. Furthermore, if you have an accident or cause damage on the road while driving without a legal licence, your insurance provider will not cover you.
In 2019, roughly 45k incidents happened in India where the motorist did not have a valid driving licence.
Although electric motorcycles with less than 250W of power and a top speed of 25kmph do not require a driver's licence to operate. As a result, it is a popular option among students, youths, and retirees.
In India, the government has set an age limit of 18 for riding a motorcycle or scooter. Although non-motorized and gearless motorcycles can be ridden by children aged 16 to 18, The majority of the e-bikes we see on the road are in this category, with less than 250W of power and a top speed of 25kmph.
Electric Scooters and Bikes Insurance
Before purchasing any electric bike or scooter, it is essential to have a thorough understanding of the licence and insurance requirements. Many young people use electric motorcycles without sufficient insurance and end themselves in trouble. Electric cars with top speeds of up to 25kmph may cause accidents or damage if not driven properly; therefore, a good insurance coverage is required to cover the damage; otherwise, the rider must face compensation himself.
A complete insurance coverage is preferable to any third-party insurance policy for electric bikes or scooters. Any e-bike with a speed of more than 25 kmph and a capacity of more than 250kW requires an insurance coverage for two-wheelers.
Third-party insurance for any e-bike or scooter would cost between $1,000 and $3,000 depending on the engine capacity and coverage. A full policy, on the other hand, would cost between 4.5k and 6k, depending on the type of e-vehicle and coverage. The complete insurance coverage covers reimbursement for vehicle loss in the event of theft. To be eligible for insurance, the motorist must have a valid driver's licence.
E-bikes with a top speed of less than 25kmph and a power output of less than 250W are not required to be insured, but if you want to get your bike insured, you can choose any insurance coverage.
EV Number Plate Requirement
According to the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989, all registered cars must have a High-Security Registration Plate (HSRP) after April 1, 2019. This HSRP is only offered by government authorities and aids in the prevention of theft as well as the cleansing of vehicle databases.
Different colour codes are provided to designate vehicle kinds.
Private ICE cars have a white backdrop with black lettering number plate.
Commercial ICE vehicles have a yellow backdrop with black lettering number plate.
Rental ICE cars have a black backdrop with yellow lettering number plate.
Private EVs have a green background with white lettering number plate.
Commercial EVs have a green backdrop with yellow lettering number plate.
Electric motorcycles with less than 250W of electricity and a top speed of 25kmph do not require RTO registration or HSRPs.
Helmets are required while riding an EV.
If you are riding an EV with a top speed of more than 25kmph and power more than 25kmph, you must wear a helmet. Although users of electric motorcycles with less than 250W of electricity and a top speed of 25kmph are not required to wear helmets. However, it is suggested that all riders wear it for their own safety.
India Electric Vehicle Registration and Road Tax
The road tax is a method for the state government to recoup the cost of developing roads and highways. Every state government levy their own road charge.
In February 2020, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) suggested that electric cars be exempt from paying any fees for registration in India. Although several jurisdictions have already dropped the EV registration charge, this idea will help EV users everywhere. This move is likely to increase e-mobility in the country.
Under FAME, the department of heavy industries has also introduced numerous incentives for electric cars. FAME stands for Faster Hybrid and Electric Adoption and Manufacturing. Its name was changed to FAME-II in 2019. This scheme's idea is applicable throughout the country.
For two-wheelers, the maximum reimbursement is up to 40% of the vehicle cost, which equals $15,000 per kWh of battery capacity.
Aside from that, the Ministry of Finance has removed initiatives that do not fall within FAME-II. They are as follows:
All-electric cars are subject to a 5% goods and services tax (GST).
First-time purchasers would receive a tax break of 1.5 lakh under Section 80EEB of the Income Tax Act.